Mortality > Mortality figures are counts of the number of deaths due to cancer. Base numbers of deaths, crude and age standardised rates can be found by following the links below.
Click here for numbers of deaths due to cancer. Numbers can be presented for different cancer sites, different time periods, and different geographies. Numbers are useful when trying to estimate the burden of cancer - how many people have died?
Click here for crude cancer mortality rates. Rates can be presented for different cancer sites, different time periods and different geographies. Crude rates are useful when trying to compare the deaths due to cancer in two different populations. Because of the strong link between age and the risk of cancer, crude rates are often highest in populations with a high proportion of elderly people.
Click here for age-and-sex standardised cancer mortality rates. Rates can be presented for different cancer sites, different time periods, and different geographies. Standardised rates correct for the difference in the number of deaths because of age and sex. They are useful for comparing underlying cancer risk in populations with different age/sex profiles.
Although one person may be diagnosed with more than one tumour, their death is only counted once in these statistics. The ONS rules around coding death certificates are used to determine which tumour is the cause of death in these cases. Some patients with cancer die for reasons not related to their cancer. These are not included in the mortality statistics.
Standardised rates are standardised according to an approximate 2013 European Standard Population. The five year age bands in the ESP are grouped into the age bands published on this tool to make a standard population for these age bands.
Data presented are taken from the ONS Mortality Extract provided to the National Cancer Registration Service aligned with DR 2016.
- England and Wales: ONS Mid-2016 Lower Super Output Area Population Estimates, released 22/06/2017.
- Scotland: National Records Scotland Population Estimates Time Series Data.
- Northern Ireland: Northen Ireland Statistics and Reasearch Agency Population and Migration Estimates 2014, released 22/06/2017.